“Socialism works on paper but not in reality”. No, but “bypassing the advanced capitalist phase of development in a semi-feudal country and going straight to socialism”, on the other hand, without help from an advanced country, could be said to work only on paper, which was theoretical basis of every single Marxist-Leninist state in the entire cold war. Of course, such a theoretical basis led to total disaster.
“Over the several centuries that it took for capitalism to replace feudalism, how many times were monarchies restored?” How many debates were declared ‘won’ by the monarchists in their refutations of political democracy? How many debates today are declared ‘won’ by modern bourgeois critics in their refutations of industrial democracy?
When it is predicted, correctly, that capitalism can only come from the internal contradictions of advanced feudal society, and the opposite takes place, in 14th century England, we can expect it to fail, but support it regardless. When it is predicted, correctly, that socialism can only emerge from the internal contradictions of global capitalism in the most ADVANCED capitalist superpowers first, at the END of capitalist development, and the opposite happens 130 years before that period, in the poorest countries on earth, we can expect it to fail, and many socialists certainly did, but supported it regardless.
How, then, can one claim that ‘socialism only works on paper’ when the initial proposition has yet to be proven wrong, when, modern society resembles to a tee, the society of late stage capitalism elaborated by Marx? When I say the cake will be ready to baked in 30 minutes, and you throw the intact eggs, gallon of milk, sugar and batter into the oven, how can you yell at ME for being wrong when my initial proposition has yet to be proven wrong?
“”- Deng Xiaoping, Volume 3, P. 249